Tests and Treatment for ACL Knee Injury and Knee Pain
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Tests and Treatment for ACL Knee Injury and Knee Pain

The knee swells in a ACL injury because there is internal bleeding from the tearing of the ligament. An arthrocentesis is a procedure where the doctor insert a needle to take out the excess blood trapped in the knee.

An ACL injury is most often due to a descend from a jump in a sport like basketball, skiing, volleyball which was not performed properly and caused a tear in the knee ligaments. It also happens when the knee has been jerked quickly in a different direction.

Tests and diagnosis

If you have suffered an ACL injury, the first thing your doctor will do is a physical exam. The doctor will check both knees to see any difference between them. The doctor will also move the injured knee to see if it locks, how painful it is, and so on.

Most of the time a diagnosis is made just on the physical exam but there are times when your doctor will need other exams to determine the severity of the tearing.

X-rays

X-rays are good to see if bones have been broken but cannot determine torn tissue or ligaments.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

This machine measures sounds waves and is good for both hard and soft tissue. The MRI will show how much damage has been done to the ligaments and cartilage surrounding the bones of the knee.

Ultrasound

These sound waves are useful to see the damaged caused to cartilage, muscles, tendons and ligaments of the knee. The ultrasound also checks the internal structures.

Arthroscopy

The arthroscopy is a tiny tube inserted directly into the knee where the doctor can see the damage with his or her own eyes and can repair some of the problems that arise.

Treatment and therapy

The goal of treatment is to get the knee working as normally as possible with the least evasive procedure. Athletes returning to their sport will need reconstructive surgery, but other people who are less active may be able to heal with rehabilitation alone. Rehabilitation will reduce swelling and strengthen the knee. The doctor will determine the best treatment for each individual concerned.

Therapy

Regardless of whether or not surgery is included in the treatment for ACL, therapy is necessary. Therapy will require crutches and or braces, motion exercises for the knee, muscle strengthening exercises and stability exercises.

Surgery

Arthrocentesis

The knee swells in a ACL injury because there is internal bleeding from the tearing of the ligament. An arthrocentesis is a procedure where the doctor insert a needle to take out the excess blood trapped in the knee.

Surgical reconstruction

Surgical reconstruction is done when the ACL injury is severe. When the ligament is torn too badly, unfortunately it cannot be sewn back together, so the arthrocentesis needle will be used to replace the ligament with a tendon that is taken from a different part of the body. This procedure is called a graft and a camera will be used to guide the graft and make sure the new tissue is in the right place.

Source:

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/acl-injury/DS00898/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis

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Comments (5)

Thanks for sharing all the options available for testing and treatment for ACL, promoted!

thanks hon

Well detailed info and composed well to help with treatment and tests for ACL knee injury and knee pain.Promoted

Excellent, Carol. Thanks for posting. I'm suffering anterior knee pain right now.

Brilliant work here Carol.

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